The architecture of Barcelona stands out from other cities’ architecture in a special way. Barcelona was the city where Catalan Modernism was born and a European stylistic reference, so it is worth making a tour around its streets to discover its modernist architectural treasures.
The Catalan Modernism is a mainly architectural movement which developed in Barcelona and which is bond to other European movements of the end of the XIXth century, such as the Art Nouveau, the Jugendstil or the British Liberty style. Its three main forefathers in Barcelona were the architects Antoni Gaudí, Lluís Domenech i Montaner and Josep Puig i Cadafalch.
The modernist Barcelona can be contemplated both in some of its most emblematic buildings, such as the Sagrada Familia or La Pedrera, and in some of the neighbourhoods and streets where we find most of the modernist buildings of the city, like the Eixample or the Paseo de Gracia.
After the industrial revolution, the city expanded considerably and many Catalan middle-class people chose the Eixample neighbourhood to build houses of modernist style, so common among wealthy people of the period.
In this area we find some renowned buildings like La Casa de les Punxes, designed by Josep Puig i Cadafalch, located on Diagonal Avenue. From this architect we also highlight the Palacio del Baró de Quadras, located in the same avenue. Also in this neighbourhood we find the Casa Camalet, designed by Salvador Valeri, located in Corsega Street and with a clear Gaudí’s influence.
In the renowned Manzana de la Discordia area we find other modernist houses of important architectural value, like the Casa Batlló by Antoni Gaudí, the Casa Amatller by Puig i Cadafalch and the Casa Lleó Morera by Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
But the maximum expression of this architectural movement is represented by buildings like the Sagrada Familia, the Pedrera, the Palau de la Música Catalana, the Parc Güell or the Santa Creu i Santa Pau Hospital, all of them located in the Spanish capital of Modernism.